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Don Juan of Austria (Presumed Portrait of Philip IV, King of Spain), 1671

Allesandro Rondoni
Italian, ? -1634(?)
Marble; Bust and Pedestal
Bust: 34 x 26 x 16 in. (86.4 x 66.0 x 40.6 cm); Pedestal 51-1/8 in. (130.0 cm)
The Norton Simon Foundation
© The Norton Simon Foundation

Not on view

On this imposing portrait bust, objects such as the eagle, the squared linen collar (fashioned after the Spanish golilla that was stylish around 1670) and the order of the Golden Fleece displayed on the chest are possible clues in identifying the sitter. He has traditionally been thought to be either King Philip IV of Spain (1605–1665) or his illegitimate son Don Juan José of Austria (1629–1679). Philip received the Knighthood of the Order of the Golden Fleece in 1613, and Juan José presumably received it sometime after his father had officially recognized him as his son in 1642. Both men also used variants of the Habsburg coat of arms, upon which an eagle is prominently displayed.

Alessandro Rondoni is known for carving the figure of St. Susanna, one of the 140 sculptures of saints that line the colonnade of St. Peter’s Square in Rome. He was particularly appreciated for his skill in recreating antique sculptures for the gardens and palazzo if noble Roman families including the Ludovisi and Aldobrandini.

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